Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Share-Based Compensation

Share-Based Compensation
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Share-based Payment Arrangement [Abstract]  
We have granted restricted stock shares, restricted stock units, performance stock units and phantom units to employees and non-employee directors under the 2011 Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2011 Plan”), the 2015 Employee Inducement Incentive Plan and the 2020 Incentive Plan that was approved by our shareholders in May 2020.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we granted 1.3 million restricted stock units and 0.3 million performance stock units at target performance to certain employees under the 2011 Plan and the 2020 Incentive Plan. Additionally, 0.2 million incremental shares of our common stock were issued based on performance results from previously-granted performance stock unit awards. Restricted stock units are stock awards that vest over a service period of three years and entitle the holder to receive shares of our common stock upon vesting, subject to restrictions on transfer and to a risk of forfeiture if the recipient terminates employment with us prior to the lapse of the restrictions. Performance stock units provide for cliff vesting after a period of three years with payouts based on metrics dependent upon market and performance achieved over the period from January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2022 compared to pre-established performance targets. The settlement amounts of the awards are based on market and performance metrics which include cumulative distributable cash flow per share, and in certain circumstances, absolute total shareholder return (“ATSR”) of our common stock. Where applicable, the compensation for performance stock units is based on fair value assigned to the market metric of ATSR using a Monte Carlo model upon grant, which remains constant through the vesting period, and a performance metric, which will vary due to changing estimates regarding the expected achievement of the performance metric of cumulative distributable cash flow per share. The number of shares that may be earned at the end of the vesting period ranges from 0% up to 300% of the target award amount. Both restricted stock units and performance stock units will be settled in Cheniere common stock (on a one-for-one basis) and are classified as equity awards.
Total share-based compensation consisted of the following (in millions):
Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
2020 2019 2020 2019
Share-based compensation costs, pre-tax:
Equity awards $ 26  $ 33  $ 86  $ 94 
Liability awards
Total share-based compensation 27  35  88  101 
Capitalized share-based compensation —  (2) (4) (7)
Total share-based compensation expense $ 27  $ 33  $ 84  $ 94 
Tax benefit associated with share-based compensation expense $ $ $ 21  $